Muhammadp was born in the year 570 CE from the honorable lineage of the two great Prophets of God, Abrahamp and his firstborn son, Ishmaelp. Muhammadp grew up with the title of The Trustworthy. At the age of forty, Muhammadp was chosen by God to be His last Prophet and Messenger.
The Sunnah refers to the sayings, actions, and tacit approvals of the Prophet Muhammadp. The reports and narrations about the Sunnah are known as Hadith, and are collected in well-known books. Like the Qur’an, the Sunnah is inspired by revelation from God through the Prophet Muhammadp. Unlike the Qur’an, it is not the direct, literal word of God. The teachings came from God (divine revelation) and the words were from the Prophet Muhammadp (an example for humanity). The Sunnah was also meticulously preserved.
It is obligatory for Muslims to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammadp. In the Qur’an, God orders the believers to obey the Messenger (His representative). God says, “Obey God, and obey the Messenger.” [Qur’an 4:59]
The purpose of life is to serve and obey God. This is achieved through following the teachings and practices of the Prophetp. God says, “You have indeed in the Messenger of God a beautiful pattern [of conduct] for anyone whose hope is in God and the final day, and who engages much in the praise of God.” [Qur’an 33:21]
The Prophetp showed Muslims how to perform all aspects of worship. He died at the age of 63 (in the year 632 CE) and was buried at his home in the city of Medina (Yathrib). He always greeted and parted from his companions with salutations and invocations of peace, which is recommended for all Muslims. Within a century, Islam spanned three continents, from China across Asia, throughout Africa, and into Spain in Europe.